Gabon definition

Gabon





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2 definitions found

From WordNet (r) 2.0 [wn]:

  Gabon
       n : a republic on the west coast of Africa [syn: {Gabonese
           Republic}, {Gabun}]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 [world02]:



  Gabon
  
     Introduction Gabon
     ------------------
                              Background: Ruled by autocratic presidents since
                                          independence from France in 1960,
                                          Gabon introduced a multiparty system
                                          and a new constitution in the early
                                          1990s that allowed for a more
                                          transparent electoral process and
                                          for reforms of governmental
                                          institutions. A small population,
                                          abundant natural resources, and
                                          considerable foreign support have
                                          helped make Gabon one of the more
                                          prosperous black African countries.
    
     Geography Gabon
     ---------------
                                Location: Western Africa, bordering the
                                          Atlantic Ocean at the Equator,
                                          between Republic of the Congo and
                                          Equatorial Guinea
                  Geographic coordinates: 1 00 S, 11 45 E
                          Map references: Africa
                                    Area: total: 267,667 sq km
                                          water: 10,000 sq km
                                          land: 257,667 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Colorado
                         Land boundaries: total: 2,551 km
                                          border countries: Cameroon 298 km,
                                          Republic of the Congo 1,903 km,
                                          Equatorial Guinea 350 km
                               Coastline: 885 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; always hot, humid
                                 Terrain: narrow coastal plain; hilly
                                          interior; savanna in east and south
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Mont Iboundji 1,575 m
                       Natural resources: petroleum, manganese, uranium, gold,
                                          timber, iron ore, hydropower
                                Land use: arable land: 1.26%
                                          permanent crops: 0.66%
                                          other: 98.08% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 150 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: NA
            Environment - current issues: deforestation; poaching
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered
                                          Species, Law of the Sea, Marine
                                          Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone
                                          Layer Protection, Ship Pollution,
                                          Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber
                                          94, Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: a small population and oil and
                                          mineral reserves have helped Gabon
                                          become one of Africa's wealthier
                                          countries; in general, these
                                          circumstances have allowed the
                                          country to maintain and conserve its
                                          pristine rain forest and rich
                                          biodiversity
    
     People Gabon
     ------------
                              Population: 1,233,353
                                          note: estimates for this country
                                          explicitly take into account the
                                          effects of excess mortality due to
                                          AIDS; this can result in lower life
                                          expectancy, higher infant mortality
                                          and death rates, lower population
                                          and growth rates, and changes in the
                                          distribution of population by age
                                          and sex than would otherwise be
                                          expected (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 33.3% (male 205,559;
                                          female 204,796)
                                          15-64 years: 60.6% (male 376,103;
                                          female 371,422)
                                          65 years and over: 6.1% (male
                                          37,220; female 38,253) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 0.97% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 27.24 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 17.59 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.97 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 1.01 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 93.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 49.11 years
                                          female: 50.25 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 48.01 years
                    Total fertility rate: 3.65 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 9% (2001 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 23,000 (1999 est.)
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 2,000 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Gabonese (singular and plural)
    
                                          adjective: Gabonese
                           Ethnic groups: Bantu tribes including four major
                                          tribal groupings (Fang, Bapounou,
                                          Nzebi, Obamba), other Africans and
                                          Europeans 154,000, including 10,700
                                          French and 11,000 persons of dual
                                          nationality
                               Religions: Christian 55%-75%, animist, Muslim
                                          less than 1%
                               Languages: French (official), Fang, Myene,
                                          Nzebi, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 63.2%
                                          male: 73.7%
                                          female: 53.3% (1995 est.)
    
     Government Gabon
     ----------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Gabonese
                                          Republic
                                          conventional short form: Gabon
                                          local short form: Gabon
                                          local long form: Republique
                                          Gabonaise
                         Government type: republic; multiparty presidential
                                          regime (opposition parties legalized
                                          in 1990)
                                 Capital: Libreville
                Administrative divisions: 9 provinces; Estuaire, Haut-Ogooue,
                                          Moyen-Ogooue, Ngounie, Nyanga,
                                          Ogooue-Ivindo, Ogooue-Lolo, Ogooue-
                                          Maritime, Woleu-Ntem
                            Independence: 17 August 1960 (from France)
                        National holiday: Founding of the Gabonese Democratic
                                          Party (PDG), 12 March (1968)
                            Constitution: adopted 14 March 1991
                            Legal system: based on French civil law system and
                                          customary law; judicial review of
                                          legislative acts in Constitutional
                                          Chamber of the Supreme Court; has
                                          not accepted compulsory ICJ
                                          jurisdiction
                                Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President El Hadj
                                          Omar BONGO (since 2 December 1967)
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Jean-Francois NTOUTOUME-EMANE (since
                                          23 January 1999)
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          appointed by the prime minister in
                                          consultation with the president
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          popular vote for a seven-year term;
                                          election last held 6 December 1998
                                          (next to be held NA 2005); prime
                                          minister appointed by the president
                                          election results: President El Hadj
                                          Omar BONGO reelected; percent of
                                          vote - El Hadj Omar BONGO 66.6%,
                                          Pierre MAMBOUNDOU 16.5%, Fr. Paul
                                          M'BA-ABESSOLE 13.4%
                      Legislative branch: bicameral legislature consists of
                                          the Senate (91 seats; members
                                          elected by members of municipal
                                          councils and departmental
                                          assemblies) and the National
                                          Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (120
                                          seats); members are elected by
                                          direct, popular vote to serve five-
                                          year terms
                                          elections: National Assembly - last
                                          held 9 and 23 December 2001 (next to
                                          be held NA December 2006); Senate -
                                          last held 26 January and 9 February
                                          1997 (next to be held in NA 2002)
                                          election results: National Assembly
                                          - percent of vote by party - NA%;
                                          seats by party - PDG 86, RNB-RPG 8,
                                          PGP 3, ADERE 3, CLR 2, PUP 1, PSD 1,
                                          independents 13, others 3; Senate -
                                          percent of vote by party - NA%;
                                          seats by party - PDG 53, RNB 20, PGP
                                          4, ADERE 3, RDP 1, CLR 1,
                                          independents 9
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Cour Supreme
                                          consisting of three chambers -
                                          Judicial, Administrative, and
                                          Accounts; Constitutional Court;
                                          Courts of Appeal; Court of State
                                          Security; County Courts
           Political parties and leaders: African Forum for Reconstruction or
                                          FAR [Leon MBOU-YEMBI]; Circle of
                                          Liberal Reformers or CLR [General
                                          Jean Boniface ASSELE]; Congress for
                                          Democracy and Justice or CDJ [Jules
                                          Aristide Bourdes OGOULIGUENDE];
                                          Democratic and Republican Alliance
                                          or ADERE [Divungui-di-Ndinge
                                          DIDJOB]; Gabonese Democratic Party
                                          or PDG, former sole party [Simplice
                                          Nguedet MANZELA, secretary general];
                                          Gabonese Party for Progress or PGP
                                          [Pierre-Louis AGONDJO-OKAWE,
                                          president]; Gabonese People's Union
                                          or UPG [Pierre MAMBOUNDOU]; National
                                          Rally of Woodcutters-Rally for Gabon
                                          or RNB-RPG (Bucherons) [Fr. Paul
                                          M'BA-ABESSOLE]; People's Unity Party
                                          or PUP [Louis Gaston MAYILA]; Rally
                                          for Democracy and Progress or RDP
                                          [Pierre EMBONI]; Social Democratic
                                          Party or PSD [Pierre Claver MAGANGA-
                                          MOUSSAVOU]
            Political pressure groups and NA
                                 leaders:
               International organization ACCT, ACP, AfDB, BDEAC, CCC, CEEAC,
                           participation: CEMAC, ECA, FAO, FZ, G-24, G-77,
                                          IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, IDA, IDB,
                                          IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO,
                                          Interpol, IOC, ITU, NAM, OAU, OIC,
                                          OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO,
                                          UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Jules-
                                          Darius OGOUEBANDJA
                                          consulate(s): New York
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 332-0668
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 797-1000
                                          chancery: Suite 200, 2034 20th
                                          Street NW, Washington, DC 20009
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Charge d'Affaires
                                      US: Thomas F. DAUGHTON
                                          embassy: Boulevard de la Mer,
                                          Libreville
                                          mailing address: B. P. 4000,
                                          Libreville
                                          telephone: [241] 76 20 03 through 76
                                          20 04, 74 34 92
                                          FAX: [241] 74 55 07
                        Flag description: three equal horizontal bands of
                                          green (top), yellow, and blue
    
     Economy Gabon
     -------------
                      Economy - overview: Gabon enjoys a per capita income
                                          four times that of most nations of
                                          sub-Saharan Africa. This has
                                          supported a sharp decline in extreme
                                          poverty; yet because of high income
                                          inequality a large proportion of the
                                          population remains poor. Gabon
                                          depended on timber and manganese
                                          until oil was discovered offshore in
                                          the early 1970s. The oil sector now
                                          accounts for 50% of GDP. Gabon
                                          continues to face fluctuating prices
                                          for its oil, timber, and manganese
                                          exports. Despite the abundance of
                                          natural wealth, the economy is
                                          hobbled by poor fiscal management.
                                          In 1992, the fiscal deficit widened
                                          to 2.4% of GDP, and Gabon failed to
                                          settle arrears on its bilateral
                                          debt, leading to a cancellation of
                                          rescheduling agreements with
                                          official and private creditors.
                                          Devaluation of its Francophone
                                          currency by 50% on 12 January 1994
                                          sparked a one-time inflationary
                                          surge, to 35%; the rate dropped to
                                          6% in 1996. The IMF provided a one-
                                          year standby arrangement in 1994-95,
                                          a three-year Enhanced Financing
                                          Facility (EFF) at near commercial
                                          rates beginning in late 1995, and
                                          stand-by credit of $119 million in
                                          October 2000. Those agreements
                                          mandate progress in privatization
                                          and fiscal discipline. France
                                          provided additional financial
                                          support in January 1997 after Gabon
                                          had met IMF targets for mid-1996. In
                                          1997, an IMF mission to Gabon
                                          criticized the government for
                                          overspending on off-budget items,
                                          overborrowing from the central bank,
                                          and slipping on its schedule for
                                          privatization and administrative
                                          reform. The rebound of oil prices in
                                          1999-2000 helped growth, but drops
                                          in production hampered Gabon from
                                          fully realizing potential gains. In
                                          December 2000, Gabon signed a new
                                          agreement with the Paris Club to
                                          reschedule its official debt. A
                                          follow-up bilateral repayment
                                          agreement with the US was signed in
                                          December 2001.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $6.7
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 2.5% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $5,500
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 10%
                                          industry: 60%
                                          services: 30% (1999 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1.5% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 600,000
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 60%, services and
                                          government 25%, industry and
                                          commerce 15%
                       Unemployment rate: 21% (1997 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $1.8 billion
                                          expenditures: $1.8 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $310 million (2002 est.)
                              Industries: food and beverage; textile;
                                          lumbering and plywood; cement;
                                          petroleum extraction and refining;
                                          manganese, and gold mining;
                                          chemicals; ship repair
       Industrial production growth rate: -6.4% (2001 est.)
                Electricity - production: 850 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 29.41%
                                          hydro: 70.59%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 790.5 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: cocoa, coffee, sugar, palm oil,
                                          rubber; cattle; okoume (a tropical
                                          softwood); fish
                                 Exports: $2.5 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: crude oil 81%, timber, manganese,
                                          uranium (2000)
                      Exports - partners: US 51%, France 17%, China 8%,
                                          Netherlands Antilles 4% (2000)
                                 Imports: $921 million (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, foodstuffs,
                                          chemicals, construction materials
                      Imports - partners: France 62%, Cote d'Ivoire 7%, US 5%,
                                          Belgium 3% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $3.6 billion (2001 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $331 million (1995)
                                Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine
                                          franc (XAF); note - responsible
                                          authority is the Bank of the Central
                                          African States
                           Currency code: XAF
                          Exchange rates: Communaute Financiere Africaine
                                          francs (XAF) per US dollar - 742.79
                                          (January 2002), 733.04 (2001),
                                          711.98 (2000), 615.70 (1999), 589.95
                                          (1998), 583.67 (1997); note - from 1
                                          January 1999, the XAF is pegged to
                                          the euro at a rate of 655.957 XAF
                                          per euro
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
    
     Communications Gabon
     --------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 39,000 (2000)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 120,000 (2000)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: adequate service
                                          by African standards and improving
                                          with the help of the growing mobile
                                          cell system
                                          domestic: adequate system of cable,
                                          microwave radio relay, tropospheric
                                          scatter, radiotelephone
                                          communication stations, and a
                                          domestic satellite system with 12
                                          earth stations
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          stations - 3 Intelsat (Atlantic
                                          Ocean)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 6, FM 7 (and 11 repeaters),
                                          shortwave 3 (2001)
                                  Radios: 208,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 3 (plus six repeaters) (2001)
                             Televisions: 63,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .ga
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 4 (2001)
                          Internet users: 15,000 (2001)
    
     Transportation Gabon
     --------------------
                                Railways: total: 649 km
                                          standard gauge: 649 km 1.435-
                                          m gauge; single-track (2000 est.)
                                Highways: total: 7,670 km
                                          paved: 629 km (including 30 km of
                                          expressways)
                                          unpaved: 7,041 km (1996)
                               Waterways: 1,600 km (perennially navigable)
                               Pipelines: crude oil 270 km; petroleum products
                                          14 km
                       Ports and harbors: Cap Lopez, Kango, Lambarene,
                                          Libreville, Mayumba, Owendo, Port-
                                          Gentil
                                Airports: 59 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 10
                                          over 3,047 m: 1
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 7
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 49
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 8
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 17
                                          under 914 m: 24 (2001)
    
     Military Gabon
     --------------
                       Military branches: Army, Navy, Air Force, Presidential
                                          (Republican) Guard (charged with
                                          protecting the president and other
                                          senior officials), National
                                          Gendarmerie, National Police
        Military manpower - military age: 20 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 284,358 (2002 est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 146,908 (2002 est.)
                                 service:
             Military manpower - reaching males: 11,304 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $70.8 million (FY01)
                                  figure:
       Military expenditures - percent of 2% (FY01)
                                     GDP:
    
     Transnational Issues Gabon
     --------------------------
                Disputes - international: maritime boundary dispute with
                                          Equatorial Guinea because of
                                          disputed sovereignty over islands in
                                          Corisco Bay
    
                                         
  
  

















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