C10H16 definition


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3 definitions found

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

  Turpentine \Tur"pen*tine\ (t[^u]r"p[e^]n*t[imac]n), n. [F.
     t['e]r['e]benthine, OF. also turbentine; cf. Pr. terebentina,
     terbentina, It. terebentina, trementina; fr. L. terebinthinus
     of the turpentine tree, from terebinthus the turpentine tree.
     Gr. tere`binqos, te`rminqos. See {Terebinth}.]
     A semifluid or fluid oleoresin, primarily the exudation of

     the terebinth, or turpentine, tree ({Pistacia Terebinthus}),
     a native of the Mediterranean region. It is also obtained
     from many coniferous trees, especially species of pine,
     larch, and fir.
     [1913 Webster]
     Note: There are many varieties of turpentine. Chian
           turpentine is produced in small quantities by the
           turpentine tree ({Pistacia Terebinthus}). Venice,
           Swiss, or larch turpentine, is obtained from {Larix
           Europaea}. It is a clear, colorless balsam, having a
           tendency to solidify. Canada turpentine, or Canada
           balsam, is the purest of all the pine turpentines (see
           under {Balsam}). The Carpathian and Hungarian varieties
           are derived from {Pinus Cembra} and {Pinus Mugho}.
           Carolina turpentine, the most abundant kind, comes from
           the long-leaved pine ({Pinus palustris}). Strasburg
           turpentine is from the silver fir ({Abies pectinata}).
           [1913 Webster]
     {Oil of turpentine} (Chem.), a colorless oily hydrocarbon,
        {C10H16}, of a pleasant aromatic odor, obtained by the
        distillation of crude turpentine. It is used in making
        varnishes, in medicine, etc. It is the type of the
        terpenes and is related to cymene. Called also
        {terebenthene}, {terpene}, etc.
     {Turpentine moth} (Zool.), any one of several species of
        small tortricid moths whose larvae eat the tender shoots
        of pine and fir trees, causing an exudation of pitch or
     {Turpentine tree} (Bot.), the terebinth tree, the original
        source of turpentine. See {Turpentine}, above.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

  Camphene \Cam"phene\ (k[a^]m"f[=e]n or k[a^]m*f[=e]n"), n.
     One of a series of substances {C10H16}, resembling camphor,
     regarded as modified terpenes.
     [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

  Carvene \Car"vene\, n. [F. carvi caraway.]
     An oily substance, {C10H16}, extracted from oil caraway.
     [1913 Webster]

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